Bherogarh near Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh is a very less known batik cluster once famous for traditional alizarin hand block printing. This cluster got converted into batik printing some 40 to 50 years ago and today few craftsman like Wasim Chhipa is doing free hand and Indonesian Batik. In batik wax is used as a resist paste and applied with using block or pen to protect the part of fabric from dye while dyeing where wax is applied. In the process of dyeing cracks created in the wax gives a marble effect when dye penetrates the wax printed on the fabric.
Batik is one of the oldest technique of resist printing practiced in India centuries ago and then traveled to Indonesia and Java and touched its artistic acme there. It again traveled back to India when for the first time Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore visited Indonesia and learnt this art. He experimented with it and introduced it at “Shanti Niketan” as an art form.
Figure work with multi-color done with wax batik is a specialty of this cluster. In figure work outline is prepared using a screen then different colors are painted using brush with different vat colors on the fabric.
Talented artist Wasim Chhippa is also adept in the Indonesian batik technique where a pen kind of instrument is used to draw fine outline with wax and then different color combination can be painted using brush. The fine outline created using wax becomes white after preparation because at that place wax is applied as a resist to protract that area must not catch the color.