“Hubahu” or double sided Dupatta
Traditionally Ajrakh printing was done on both the sides of fabrics using same design so that one can wear it either of the side. But today due to increasing cost of labor, raw materials and time consuming process it is printed on one side only.
Traditionally lugda (Saree like cloth), lungi and turban were made using “Meena” technique but today it is rarely practiced. Only few of the craftsmen left who seldom practice this craft. Considering its cost, time and expertise today it is done on stoles and dupatta only.
Ajrakh print is one of the complex, arduous yet beautiful and one of the oldest known hand blocks printing art to print the fabrics. Some 4000 years ago it was mainly practiced in Sindh region of undivided India now it is in Pakistan by Khatri (dyer) community. Today it is widely practiced in Gujarat region in India and some parts of Rajasthan. Some 200 years ago few families migrated from Sindh region to Gujarat. It contains 20 or more steps in preparing final product. It is a combination of resist and mordant based printing traditionally using geometrical designs with natural colors on variety of natural fiber based fabrics.
Two thousand years ago few Arabic merchants visited Sindh for the first time and saw the circle and star shaped geometrical designs with the combination of four basic natural (Indigo, Red, Black and Yellow) colors instantly they call it “ye to Ajrakh hain” (This is a Ajrakh). In Arabic language Ajrakh means the Universe, and since then it is known as Ajrakh to the world.