Bagh print is one of the famous hand blocks printing craft of India, practiced and developed in tribal village “Bagh” situated at the banks of Baghini River. Minerals found in the Baghini river water gave natural color more vibrancy and increase its fastness. Due to its local specialty it got geographical indicated brand status in the year 2009. Some 400 years ago few families of “Khatri Community” migrated from Sindh province in today’s Pakistan to Manavar and then Bagh. Another theory says few families of “Khatri” community from “Bherogarh” Village near Ujjain migrated to Manavar and then Bagh in search of new market to continue the tradition of hand block printing.
National awardee late Ismail Sulemanji Khatri made this art of hand blocks printing famous by experimenting with urban outfits and variety of designs. Before 1960 hand block printers from Bagh were known as alizarin printers because of use of alizarin in the process but today they are famous as Bagh printers due to geographical uniqueness associated with the craft. In 2009 it got geographical indication from the government of India.
Traditionally a combination of two colors red and black is used in printing. First alum (Occurs red in place of alum when dyed with alizarin) to get red and vegetable black is printed. To get the red color from alizarin dye alum is printed as a mordant. Black colour is prepared by keeping corrosion of iron with jaggery solution in a pot for 10-15 days. Now a day readily available “Kashish” made from iron rust is also used to increase the fastness of black color. Few decades back natural alizarin were used extracted from the roots of “Al” tree but today synthetic alizarin replaced the natural one.
Natural and ecofriendly dyes gets bleed initially so keep it in wash it with cold water. Dry under shade; do not dry it in direct sunlight otherwise in fabrics get fade early.
- Hand Wash or Mild machine wash separately in 30 degrees
- Dark colors may bleed, should be washed separately
- Mild Detergents/Natural Detergents /ph neutral soap recommended.
- Natural detergents like ‘Aritha” or “Ritha” powder works well
- Do not scrub
- No bleaching
- Dry reverse or in shade
- Do not use hot water in washing process
We do not recommend dry clean as its results were not satisfactory.