About Bagh Print
Bagh print is one of the famous hand blocks printing craft of India, practiced in tribal village “Bagh” situated at the banks of Baghini River. Minerals found in the Baghini river water gave natural color more vibrancy and increase its fastness. Due to its local specialty it got geographical indicated brand status in the year 2009. Some 400 years ago few families migrated from Sindh province in today’s Pakistan to Manavar and then Bagh. National awardee late Ismail Sulemanji Khatri made this art of hand blocks printing famous by experimenting with urban outfits and variety of designs. Before 1960 hand block printers from Bagh were known as alizarin printers because of use of alizarin in the printing and dying process but today they are famous as Bagh printers due to geographical uniqueness associated with the craft. In 2009 it got geographical indication from the government of India.
Basically two vegetable colours used in printing are red and black. To get the red color from alizarin dye alum is used to as an mordant. Black colour is prepared by keeping corrosion of iron with jaggery solution in a pot for 10-15 days. Now a day readily available “Kashish” made from iron rust is also used to increase the fastness of black color. Few decades back natural alizarin were used extracted from the roots of “Al” tree but today synthetic alizarin replaced the natural one.
In Bagh ocher (Khakhi) color evolved in Bagh print where black color printed on white fabric and then processed with caustic soda and harada powder (Myrobalan). Bagh printing requires 12-15 days to produce a lot of 300 meters fabric.
Modal is made from bark of beech tree and is biodegradable in nature like any other rayon fiber or cotton made it environment and skin friendly fabric.
Specialty of Modal fabric:
- It remains soft after multiple washes.
- Easy to care
- It is more comfortable than cotton because it allows skin to breathe
- It absorb fifty percent more wetness (sweat) than cotton
- It is a color fast fabric
- Made from bark of beech tree.