Nandana craft of hand block printing only practiced in Tarapur village situated on the banks of Ghambhiri river in Madhya Pradesh. Nandana is having 16 steps going through cumbersome process of printing and dyeing.
Why “Nandana” is called “Nandana”? Banwari bhaiyya belongs to the 6th generation of “Chippa” community of Tarapur answered that when hand block printing started by local “Chippa” community in Tarapur they were using a vessel carrying alum water and Indigo maat or dye tank both locally called as “Naand” (नांद) in Hindi.
So from a word “Naand” used for a vessel and indigo dyeing tank in Hindi and fabric dipped in indigo dye tank multiple times was the reason behind using word “Nandana” for this craft of hand block printing practiced exclusively in Tarapur only.
Specialty of traditional Nandana hand block printing are:
1. Use of natural colors like alum as mordant to get red with alizarin, pomengranate peel and indigo to get green or black.
2. Use of fixed 5 designs right from small buti to big buta known as mirch, champakali, dholamaru, amba and jalam.
3. One design requires 4 different blocks.
4. Available in red and yellow with black and green background.
5. Its a 16 step process
Sometimes all 5 designs used in Nandana with red and white combination with indigo background considered as Nandana printing. Technically it comes under Tarapur printing which is a combination of alizarin and indigo hand block printing.
Since its inception Nanadana printing restricted to the tribal customer segment only so no development in terms of design and color variations done till date. Now with the intervention of EcoFab and few craft patrons it is in the process of rejuvenation.
Traditionally Nandana is linked with not only designs and cumbersome process but also block pattern and tradition.